Danciger M, Lyon J, Worrill D, Hoffman S, Lem J, Reme CE, Wenzel A, Grimm C
New retinal light damage QTL in mice with the light-sensitive RPE65 LEU variant.
Mammalian genome : official journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
Vol 15, pp. 277-83
The purpose of this study was to determine the QTL that influence acute, light-induced retinal degeneration differences between the BALB/cByJ and 129S1/SvImJ mouse strains. Five- to 6-week-old F(2) progeny of an intercross between the two strains were exposed to 15,000 LUX of white light for 1 h after their pupils were dilated, placed in the dark for 16 h, and kept for 10-12 days in dim cyclic light before retinal rhodopsin was measured spectrophotometrically. This was used as the quantitative trait for retinal degeneration. Neither gender nor pigmentation had a significant influence on the amount of rhodopsin after light exposure in the F(2) progeny. For genetic study, DNAs of the 27-36 F(2) progeny with the highest and 27-36 F(2) with the lowest levels of rhodopsin after light exposure were genotyped with 71 dinucleotide repeat markers spanning the genome. Any marker with a 95% probability of being associated with phenotype was tested in all 289 F(2) progeny. Data were analyzed with Map Manager QTX. Significant QTL were found on mouse Chrs 1 and 4, and suggestive QTL on Chrs 6 and 2. The four QTL together equal an estimated 78% of the total genetic effect, and each of the QTL represents a gene with BALB/c susceptible alleles. The Chr 6 QTL is in the same region as a highly significant age-related retinal degeneration QTL found previously. Identification of these QTL is a first step toward identifying the modifier genes/alleles they represent, and identification of the modifiers may provide important information for human retinal diseases that are accelerated by light exposure.
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