Atherosclerosis quantitative trait loci are sex- and lineage-dependent in an intercross of C57BL/6 and FVB/N low-density lipoprotein receptor-/- mice.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol 103, pp. 123-8
Atherosclerosis is a complex disease that is affected by environmental as well as genetic factors. The aim of the present study was to identify loci of atherosclerosis susceptibility in a cross of atherosclerosis-susceptible C57BL/6 and atherosclerosis-resistant FVB/N mice on the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR)-deficient background (LDLR(-/-)) and to test whether these loci are affected by lineage. A total of 459 F(2)s were generated in two ways: In cross "mB6xfFVB," male B6.LDLR(-/-) mice were crossed to female FVB.LDLR(-/-) mice to generate 107 female and 112 male F(2)s. In cross "mFVBxfB6," male FVB.LDLR(-/-) mice were crossed to female B6.LDLR(-/-) mice to generate 120 female and 120 male F(2)s. Animals were phenotyped for cross-sectional atherosclerotic lesion area at the aortic root, and a genome scan was carried out with 192 microsatellite markers. Quantitative trait locus mapping revealed significant loci of atherosclerosis susceptibility on chromosomes 3, 10, and 12. On chromosome 10 maximal logarithm of odds (LOD) scores of 13.1 (D10Mit16, 16 cM) and 5.7 (D10Mit168, 9 cM) were found in female and male mice, respectively. On chromosome 3, a maximal LOD score of 5.1 (D3Mit45, 79 cM) was detected only in females. On proximal chromosome 12 significant LOD scores were lineage-dependent, with maximal LOD scores of 3.9 (D12Mit82, 3 cM) and 4.8 (D12Mit189, 24 cM) present only in female mice of cross mB6xfFVB and male mice of cross mFVBxfB6, respectively. We conclude that, in this intercross, loci of atherosclerosis susceptibility are in part sex- and lineage-dependent. Awareness of these complexities may have major consequences for the identification of atherosclerosis susceptibility genes by quantitative trait locus mapping.
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