GeneSet Information

Tier IV GS399926 • Differentially expressed transcripts in rat nucleus accumbens following heroin self-administration (RNA-seq)

from Publication Assignment: 462


587 of the 685 genes differentially expressed in the nucleus accumbens of ~90 day old male Sprague-Dawley rats following heroin self-administration. Gene expression was identified via RNA-seq. Data taken from Supplemental Table 2. Values presented are fold change between the large suppressor of the heroin-paired taste cue and saline.


Rat heroin lg. suppressor









Imperio CG, McFalls AJ, Colechio EM, Masser DR, Vrana KE, Grigson PS, Freeman WM


Assessment of individual differences in the rat nucleus accumbens transcriptome following taste-heroin extended access.


Brain research bulletin May 2016, Vol 123, pp. 71-80


Heroin addiction is a disease of chronic relapse that harms the individual through devaluation of personal responsibilities in favor of finding and using drugs. Only some recreational heroin users devolve into addiction but the basis of these individual differences is not known. We have shown in rats that avoidance of a heroin-paired taste cue reliably identifies individual animals with greater addiction-like behavior for heroin. Here rats received 5min access to a 0.15% saccharin solution followed by the opportunity to self-administer either saline or heroin for 6h. Large Suppressors of the heroin-paired taste cue displayed increased drug escalation, motivation for drug, and drug loading behavior compared with Small Suppressors. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms of these individual differences in addiction-like behavior. We examined the individual differences in mRNA expression in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rats that were behaviorally stratified by addiction-like behavior using next-generation sequencing. We hypothesized that based on the avoidance of the drug-paired cue there will be a unique mRNA profile in the NAc. Analysis of strand-specific whole genome RNA-Seq data revealed a number of genes differentially regulated in NAc based on the suppression of the natural saccharine reward. Large Suppressors exhibited a unique mRNA prolife compared to Saline controls and Small Suppressors. Genes related to immunity, neuronal activity, and behavior were differentially expressed among the 3 groups. In total, individual differences in avoidance of a heroin-paired taste cue are associated with addiction-like behavior along with differential NAc gene expression. PUBMED: 26733446
Find other GeneSets from this publication

Annotation Information

No sequence read archive data associated with this GeneSet.

response to addictive substance trait (VT:0010488)
response to xenobiotic stimulus trait (VT:0010487)
organism trait (VT:0010454)
nucleus accumbens (UBERON:0001882)

Gene List • 587 Genes

Uploaded As Gene Symbol Homology Score Priority LinkOuts Emphasis