Publication Details

Selection for contextual fear conditioning affects anxiety-like behaviors and gene expression.

Authors:Ponder CA, Kliethermes CL, Drew MR, Muller J, Das K, Risbrough VB, Crabbe JC, Gilliam TC, Palmer AA
Title:Selection for contextual fear conditioning affects anxiety-like behaviors and gene expression.
Journal:Genes, brain, and behavior Nov 2007 , Vol 6 , pp. 736-49
Abstract:Conditioned fear and anxiety-like behaviors have many similarities at the neuroanatomical and pharmacological levels, but their genetic relationship is less well defined. We used short-term selection for contextual fear conditioning (FC) to produce outbred mouse lines with robust genetic differences in FC. The high and low selected lines showed differences in fear learning that were stable across various training parameters and were not secondary to differences in sensitivity to the unconditioned stimulus (foot shock). They also showed a divergence in fear potentiated startle, indicating that differences induced by selection generalized to another measure of fear learning. However, there were no differences in performance in a Pavlovian approach conditioning task or the Morris water maze, indicating no change in general learning ability. The high fear learning line showed greater anxiety-like behavior in the open field and zero maze, confirming a genetic relationship between FC and anxiety-like behavior. Gene expression analysis of the amygdala and hippocampus identified genes that were differentially expressed between the two lines. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis identified several chromosomal regions that may underlie the behavioral response to selection; cis-acting expression QTL were identified in some of these regions, possibly identifying genes that underlie these behavioral QTL. These studies support the validity of a broad genetic construct that includes both learned fear and anxiety and provides a basis for further studies aimed at gene identification.   PUBMED: 17309658
Ontological Annotations:
  • MA:0000887: amygdala (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D006624: Hippocampus (PubMed MeSH Annotations; Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D020411: Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D003214: Conditioning, Classical (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • GO:0007610: behavior (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D040641: Quantitative Trait Loci (PubMed MeSH Annotations; Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D007858: Learning (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D000818: Animals (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D000679: Amygdala (Publication, NCBO Annotator; PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D001076: Aptitude (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D004777: Environment (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D001245: Association Learning (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D000339: Affect (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D005786: Gene Expression Regulation (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D001519: Behavior (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D005787: Gene Frequency (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D005239: Fear (Publication, NCBO Annotator; PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D015203: Reproducibility of Results (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D008815: Mice, Inbred Strains (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D014867: Water (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • MA:0000191: hippocampus (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D001007: Anxiety (Publication, NCBO Annotator; PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D013045: Species Specificity (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D046352: Freezing Reaction, Cataleptic (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D013216: Startle Reaction (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D018782: Maze Learning (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D012641: Selection, Genetic (PubMed MeSH Annotations)
  • D003213: Conditioning (Psychology) (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D051379: Mice (PubMed MeSH Annotations; Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • D007062: Identification (Psychology) (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • GO:0007612: learning (Publication, NCBO Annotator)
  • GO:0010467: gene expression (Publication, NCBO Annotator)

3 GeneSets from this Publication:


Select gene sets below using the check boxes, and then add them to a project using the pull down below. You can also create a project using the pull down. To view a set, click on the GeneSetID:GeneSet Description shown in green below.
Expand Tier III Mouse 62 Genes GS637: Differential Expression in Amygdala and Hippocampus of High vs. Low Anxiety Selected Lines
Expand Tier III Mouse 24 Genes GS639: Differential effects in hippocampus and amygdala of high and low anxiety selected lines
Expand Tier III Mouse 56 Genes GS640: Hippocampus vs. Amygdala main effect Contextual fear conditioning Selected Lines -Differential Expression