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Gene Set #224095 - Blood pressure QTL 278 (Bp278 Published QTL Chr 17)

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Description: QTL Associated with Blood pressure. On Chromosome 17 with a LOD score= , p-value =0.04. From a(n) of
Uploaded: 10 Jun 2015
Species: Rattus norvegicus
Authors: Grondin M, Eliopoulos V, Lambert R, Deng Y, Ariyarajah A, Moujahidine M, Dutil J, Charron S, Deng AY
Title: Complete and overlapping congenics proving the existence of a quantitative trait locus for blood pressure on Dahl rat chromosome 17.
Journal: Physiological genomics , Vol 21 , pp. 112-6
Abstract: 1. Physiol Genomics. 2005 Mar 21;21(1):112-6. Epub 2005 Jan 4. Complete and overlapping congenics proving the existence of a quantitative trait locus for blood pressure on Dahl rat chromosome 17. Grondin M(1), Eliopoulos V, Lambert R, Deng Y, Ariyarajah A, Moujahidine M, Dutil J, Charron S, Deng AY. Author information: (1)Research Centre, Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montréal (CHUM), Montréal, Québec, Canada. Linkage studies suggested that a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for blood pressure (BP) was present in a region on chromosome 17 (Chr 17) of Dahl salt-sensitive (DSS) rats. A subsequent congenic strain targeting this QTL, however, could not confirm it. These conflicting results called into question the validity of localization of a QTL by linkage followed by the use of a congenic strain made with an incomplete chromosome coverage. To resolve this issue, we constructed five new congenic strains, designated C17S.L1 to C17S.L5, that completely spanned the +/-2 LOD confidence interval supposedly containing the QTL. Each congenic strain was made by replacing a segment of the DSS rat by that of the normotensive Lewis (LEW) rat. The only section to be LL homozygous is the region on Chr 17 specified in a congenic strain, as evidenced by a total genome scan. The results showed that BPs of C17S.L1 and C17S.L2 were lower (P < 0.04) than that of DSS rats. In contrast, BPs of C17S.L3, C17S.L4, and C17S.L5 were not different (P > 0.6) from that of DSS rats. Consequently, a BP QTL must be located in an interval of approximately 15 cM shared between C17S.L1 and C17S.L2 and unique to them both, as opposed to C17S.L3, C17S.L4, and C17S.L5. The present study illustrates the importance of thorough chromosome coverage, the necessity for a genome-wide screening, and the use of "negative" controls in physically mapping a QTL by congenic strains. PMID: 15632271 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]   PUBMED: 15632271
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